Navy engineers demonstrated the intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities of a ship-based unmanned aerial system (UAS) for senior Coast Guard, Navy and Congressional stakeholders in an exercise on the Potomac River on Naval Support Facility Dahlgren, Va. May 3.
Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division (NSWCDD) personnel launched the Scan Eagle UAS on simulated search and seizure missions, successfully detecting and engaging fictional insurgents under the watchful eyes of several Coast Guard senior leaders.
"The demonstration proved our capability to remotely engage hostile threats from a Coast Guard cutter with unmanned systems and persistent surveillance," said NSWCDD commander, Capt. Michael Smith. "This unmanned aerial system - developed as a result of collaboration with our military and industry partners - will greatly impact the Coast Guard's most challenging maritime security, law enforcement and national defense missions."
Military and civilian officials from Naval Air Systems Command, Naval Sea Systems Command and industry in addition to a Senate Armed Services Committee staff member joined Coast Guard officers on Dahlgren's Potomac River Test Range to see firsthand the capabilities of the Scan Eagle UAS scheduled to deploy this summer aboard one of the Coast Guard's National Security Cutters (NSC).
"A small UAS like the Scan Eagle represents an interim solution to meet a surveillance range extension capability requirement for the NSC," said Michael Tangora, the Coast Guard's deputy chief acquisition officer, who was on hand for the event. "The Coast Guard Research and Development Center has been working with NSWC Dahlgren and the Scan Eagle will give us a good look at what it can do as a technology demonstration on an NSC."
As the fictional scenario unfolded, the distinguished visitors observed two suspect vessels rapidly exchanging contraband in an apparently unmonitored river location.
"The Scan Eagle unmanned aerial system monitored this exchange while tracking the assets until a U.S. Coast Guard craft could apprehend, board and search the insurgents' craft and take suspects into custody," said Nelson Mills, NSWCDD capabilities manager.
"At the scenario's conclusion, they saw the successful recovery of the aircraft with the skyhook," said Lorenz Eber, unmanned systems operation and safety director for NSWCDD. "Our visitors left with an excellent understanding of what a Scan Eagle System can do if launched and operated from a ship."
Coast Guard Assistant Commandant for Capability Rear Adm. Mark Butt - an interested observer at the demonstration - suggests that a small UAS like the Scan Eagle could provide the Coast Guard with a cost-effective capability.
"If we can solve the airspace issues, it looks like a really interesting way to improve some capability at a good price," he said. "They have discussed its uses on the high seas, but it could also work well in a port setting."
Meanwhile, a team of four engineers with NSWCDD's Engagement System Department and two Insitu contractors are planning to deploy for approximately two weeks this year aboard a National Security Cutter equipped with the Scan Eagle UAS.
Developed by Insitu Group, a subsidiary of Boeing, Inc., the Scan Eagle UAS is a runway independent, long-endurance, unmanned aerial vehicle system designed to provide multiple surveillance, reconnaissance data, and battlefield damage assessment missions.
Integrated with a unique communications relay and optical day-night sensors for a complete battlefield picture, the Scan Eagle weighs 40 pounds. Its 10-foot wingspan lifts the four-foot long fuselage where the engine, avionics, GPS and a fully directional video camera are housed.
Scan Eagle provides about 15 hours of continuous day or night surveillance at a height of about 19,500 feet.
Performing many of the Coast Guard missions, the National Security Cutters provide a presence in the Pacific Ocean near Central and South America to protect the United States from illegal drugs and associated transnational crime. NSCs will also patrol the Gulf of Alaska and Bering Sea to protect these fishing grounds from poachers, ensure compliance with U.S. fishing regulations and respond to mariners in distress.
NSWC Dahlgren Division's broad spectrum of unique resources, including workforce, infrastructure, and relationships with industry, have made it a premier naval scientific and engineering institution dedicated to solving a diverse set of complex technical problems confronting the warfighter, whether on land, in the air, on the sea or in space.