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March 1

1942 - U-656 becomes the first German submarine of World War II to be sunk by Naval air (VP-82).

1954 - 1st of 6 detonations, Operation Castle nuclear test.

March 2

1859 - Launch of Saginaw at Mare Island, first Navy ship built on West Coast of U.S.

1867 - Birthday of Civil Engineer Corps.

1899 - Act of Congress creates the rank Admiral of the Navy for George Dewey.

1973 - Women begin pilot training to U.S. Navy.

March 3

1776 - First amphibious landing operation. Continental naval squadron under Commodore Esek Hopkins lands Sailors and Marines, commanded by Captain Samuel Nicholas, on New Providence Island in the Bahamas, capturing urgently-needed ordnance and gunpowder.

1871 - Navy Medical Corps established

1883 - Congress authorizes 4 modern ships of steel, "A,B,C, D Ships"; three cruisers, Atlanta, Boston and Chicago, and dispatch boat Dolphin

1915 - Office of Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) established

1915 - Congress creates Federal Naval Reserve. Under it Naval Reserve Force built up

1960 - USS Sargo return to Hawaii from arctic cruise of 11,000 miles, 6,003 miles under the polar ice

March 4

1911 - Appropriation of first funds for experiments in naval aviation.

1925 - Congress authorizes restoration of USS Constitution.

1947 - Operation Highjump, air operations in Antarctica, ends.

1963 - Navy Hercules aircraft completes 12-day rescue operation of critically ill Danish seaman from Danish freighter off the coast of Antarctic.

March 5

1942 - Name "Seabees" and insignia officially authorized

1943 - USS Bogue begins first anti-submarine operations by escort carrier.

1960 - USS Newport News (CA-148) and personnel from Port Lyautey complete emergency relief operations at Agadir, Morocco after earthquake on 29 February.

March 6

1822 - USS Enterprise captures four pirate ships in Gulf of Mexico

1862 - USS Monitor departed New York for Hampton Roads, VA

1942 - U.S. Cruisers and destroyers bombard Vila and Munda, Solomon Islands, sinking 2 Japanese destroyers

March 7

1958 - Commissioning of USS Grayback, first submarine built from keel up with guided missile capability, to fire Regulus II missile.

1960 - USS Kearsarge (CVS-33) rescues 4 Russian soldiers from their landing craft 1,000 miles from Midway Island, which was drifting several weeks after their engine failed off Kamchatka Peninsula.

1966 - Department of Navy reorganized into present structure under CNO

1967 - PBRs assists Operation Overload II in Rung Sat Zone, Vietnam

1968 - Operation Coronado XII begins in Mekong Delta, Vietnam

1994 - Navy issues first orders to women assigned aboard combat ship, USS Eisenhower.