There is currently no transient military lodging at Forest Glen. Statements of non-availability are not required.
Armed Forces Pest Management Board
The Armed Forces Pest Management Board, or AFPMB, is a Department of Defense function under the direction of the Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Installations and Environment. AFPMB ensures deployed combat forces have the most effective disease vector control and pest management capabilities to prevent adverse effects on troops, weapons systems, supplies, equipment and installations, using environmentally sound techniques to reduce risk.
A senior officer selected from one of the military service branches directs AFPMB; duty rotates among the services. Army, Navy, and Air Force officers and scientists staff it jointly. The AFPMB offices, located at Forest Glen, include two sections: the Directorate and the Defense Pest Management Information Analysis Center. The AFPMB Web site is www.afpmb.org.
Naval Medical Research Center
The Naval Medical Research Center's mission has remained the same since it was established in 1942 as the Naval Medical Research Institute: to enhance the health, safety, readiness and performance of Navy and Marine Corps personnel. NMRC and its subordinate laboratories conduct basic and applied biomedical research in infectious diseases, biological defense, combat casualty care, bone marrow, and military operational medicine. In addition, NMRI and its overseas laboratories support global surveillance, training, research and response to emerging infectious disease threats as part of the expanded Department of Defense Mission.
The original research institute was a tenant command of the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Md. It was disestablished on Oct. 1, 1998, and the Naval Medical Research Center was established as a headquarters command with responsibility for the Navy Dental Research Institute at Great Lakes Naval Base, Ill.; the Navy Infectious Disease Research Commands in Cairo, Egypt, and Jakarta, Indonesia; and the Navy Infectious Diseases Detachment in Lima, Peru.
From the beginning, the institute's research focus included heat stress and exposure limits for hot and humid shipboard environments. It also studied safety equipment, including protective clothing, flight goggles, safety belts, and repellents for sharks and for insect vectors of disease. NMRI studied the Japanese survivors of the atomic bomb and became deeply involved in developing methods for treatment of radiation exposure. These efforts led to the establishment of the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute.
During the 1950s and 1960s, the institute became involved in training monkeys, and later human astronauts, for space flight. It also developed a telemetry suit for transmitting astronauts' physiological data. The Navy Tissue Bank was established at NMRI, developing freeze-drying techniques for preserving tissue for grafting and other reconstructive surgery. During the Vietnam War, thousands of wounded Soldiers were treated with tissue that was collected, preserved and shipped from the Navy Tissue Bank.
The National Marrow Donor Program was established in 1986 with the Navy as lead contracting agent. In 1990, the C. W. Bill Young Marrow Donor Recruitment and Research Program became a permanent part of the NMRI scientific regimen. In 1990-91, NMRI scientists became involved in biological defense research. In 1995, USA Combat Developer selected biological defense rapid assays developed by NMRI as its technology of choice. The institute's biological defense scientists helped UNSCOM inspectors determine evidence for Iraqi weaponization of biological threat agents.
In 1995, a space shuttle Discovery payload included an experiment developed by NMRI Immune Cell Biology Program scientists investigating the growth and development of bone marrow stem cells. That same year the Endeavor included a second set of experiments developed by NMRI scientists. In 1997, NMRI immune cell biology scientists collaborated with university and private-sector partners to test novel medical therapy to prevent rejection of transplanted organs. Research continues in the Daniel K. Inouye Building, co-located with the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in the Forest Glen section of Silver Spring, Md.
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research
The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research at Forest Glen, is the oldest and largest of the laboratories in the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command. It was founded in 1893 as the first school of preventive medicine in the United States and has evolved into the military's premier biomedical research laboratory. Its primary focus is on research that delivers life-saving products to the war fighter.
Today WRAIR pursues a research program extending from basic research through product development with emphasis on militarily relevant infectious diseases, combat casualty care, operational medicine, field medical, dental and dental trauma care, and medical defense against chemical and biological agents.
In the study of infectious diseases and biological threats, research includes basic molecular biology, epidemiology and vaccine development for diseases such as malaria, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases, leishmaniasis and dengue fever. Prevention of exposure (repellent research and vector surveillance for mosquitoes and sand flies) and prevention education are key elements to soldier health. Vaccine studies are carried out world-wide in areas endemic for these infections. Research benefits the Soldier and civilian populations in areas unstable due to the debilitating effects of infectious disease.
WRAIR investigates mechanisms of and innovative care for traumatic injuries due to blast or traditional combat. Investigators have researched new methods for moving blood and blood products, improved storage techniques and regimens for resuscitation. The characteristics of blast injury, unique benefits of body armor and specialized treatment are also being discerned.
Basic studies in neurobiology and psychology elucidate determinates of behavior and response to psychological stress and aid in sleep management. Studies so far have quantified combat psychiatric injuries, methods to prevent them, and the means to benefit performance.
Much of WRAIR's work takes place in its main laboratory on Forest Glen. Collocated with it is the Naval Medical Research Center (see separate listing above). Elements of the Institute have operated beyond the main post since Maj. Walter Reed led the Yellow Fever Commission to Cuba from 1900 to 1901. WRAIR special field activities are currently in Thailand, Kenya, and Germany. Field sites exist throughout Asia and Africa. Research in these laboratories provides critical knowledge to protect war fighters deployed overseas.
WRAIR is also responsible for scientific and administrative oversight of laboratories that focus on directed energy bio-effects, military dentistry, and operational stress. The directed energy detachment is co-located with the Air Force at Brooks City Base in San Antonio, Texas. The Dental Detachment is co-located with the Navy at Great Lakes Naval Base. Complementing the successful in-house research produced by WRAIR is its responsibility for managing a broad program of external research. Contracts and cooperative agreements with leading university and industrial laboratories greatly expand the Medical Research and Materiel Command's capability in psychiatry, combat casualty care, and infectious disease and drug development research.
The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, through a combination of teaching, research, and product development, exemplifies preventive medicine in its broadest context: identifying potential medical threats, developing specific prevention and treatment methods, instructing others in their application, and constructing drugs and vaccines which simplify the task of conserving the fighting strength.
The institute still maintains an educational mission by hosting residencies and fellowships in military preventive medicine, military medical research, clinical pharmacology, and others. College, high school and middle school science programs educate local students about scientific research through hands-on activities and laboratory participation (Phone (301) 319-9259 or 7195 for more information).